[20] The research done by Eberhardt demonstrated not only the mistreatment of African-American detainees, but also the lack of civil rights available to members of other lower-status groups who are often misjudged as aggressors. Benjamin Zephaniah. TIME spoke … Jennifer Eberhardt makes it clear that racism operates at all levels, and it fills me with hope to know that she is fighting it at all levels. Jennifer Lynn Eberhardt (born 1965) is an African-American social psychologist who is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University. [17] The intention was to see whether individuals would focus on White or Black faces when cued for crime. This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 23:00. They found White Americans were more likely to support severe sentences when they read case studies depicting a Black juvenile offender than when the offender’s race was changed to White. Stanford University. Jennifer has 3 jobs listed on their profile. In Biased, pioneering social psychologist professor Jennifer Eberhardt explains how. [22], In 2012, Eberhardt and colleagues studied how racial stereotypes can affect a juror’s perception of the legal distinction between a juvenile and adult criminal offender. As daunting as are the problems Eberhardt illuminates, she has recently begun to work with law enforcement agencies to design interventions to improve policing and to help agencies build and maintain trust with the communities they serve. The dehumanization finding may help to explain the dynamics that occur within the criminal justice context, where high profile controversies feature African Americans who are shot by police or citizens who feel threatened, even though the African American is unarmed. [1] The results from her work have contributed to training law enforcement officers and state agencies to better their judgments through implicit bias training. [8], After graduating from Beachwood High School, she received her B.A from the University of Cincinnati in 1987. She has been elected to the National … Further, in a study with actual registered voters, Eberhardt found that highlighting the high incarceration rate of African Americans makes people more, not less, supportive of the draconian policies that produce such disparities. [27] Through SPARQ, Eberhardt worked with the Oakland Police Department to analyze police stop data for racial disparities. [29] It was also found that when students of color and White students commit similar behaviors, the behaviors are viewed as being more serious for students of color. View Kanisha Adams’ profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. darker skinned, with a broader nose and thicker lips) were sentenced more harshly and, in particular, were more likely to be sentenced to death than if their features were less stereotypically black. [4] She noticed that she and her non African-American classmates experienced life differently, such as her father and brothers being pulled over more frequently than other residents. And if you’d like to dive deeper into Biased and more must-read nonfiction, join us for the summer with a 3-month free trial to the Next Big Idea Club.. Introduction. Jennifer Eberhardt and SPARQ affiliates featured on PBS’s series Hacking Your Mind: Jacob Ward interviewed SPARQ Co-Director Jennifer Eberhardt on PBS’s new series Hacking Your Mind to talk about racial disparities in police-community interactions. [16] A series of studies focusing on priming were conducted, specifically priming individuals with images related to crime. Jennifer Eberhardt received a B.A. alert! This center at Stanford brings together many industry leaders, researchers and well known faces in society to inspire cultural changes using insights from the behavioral sciences. Eberhardt has authored Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do, was a recipient of the 2014 MacArthur "Genius Grant" Fellowship, been named one of Foreign Policy's 100 Leading Global Thinkers, and has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. [18] This also introduces future directions for research such as the cognitive accessibility of primed information. [21] During the analysis of the newspaper articles, the researchers’ main focus was on detecting “ape imagery” (this included characterizing a person as a beast, hairy, wild). View the profiles of professionals named "Jennifer Eberhardt" on LinkedIn. [8][1] Eberhardt is also the co-director and faculty co-founder of Stanford’s SPARQ (Social Psychological Answers to Real-World Questions) program. She was raised in Lee–Harvard, a predominantly African-American middle-class neighborhood. Clayman Institute for Gender Research at the Faculty Research Fellow at Stanford University, 2010-2011. (1987) from the University of Cincinnati, an A.M. (1990) and Ph.D. (1993) from Harvard University. This research provides evidence that physical traits alone can influence sentencing decisions to quite an extent. Jennifer Eberhardt: [01:10:09] Well, yeah, the short version is that it was the day before I graduated from Harvard with a PhD in psychology and I was pulled over by a cop and turns out the thought that my tags were expired and he ended up calling a tow truck and arresting us. Patient Services at Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Greater Boston. [13] This demonstrates that own- and other-race faces stimulate differential activation in the FFAs, however it does not explain why activation for same-race faces takes place in right side of the brain and memory encoding takes place in the left side of the brain. Distinguished Alumnae Award at the University of Cincinnati, 2002. Here is a wrap up of early media highlights including features in the Los Angeles Times, CBS This Morning, and Forbes. A social psychologist at Stanford University, Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. View Jennifer Eberhardt’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. They currently reside in the San Francisco Bay Area with their three sons. Jennifer Eberhardt Director, TMF Operations and Inspection Readiness at Sarepta Therapeutics Greater Boston. When she was twelve, her family relocated to Beachwood, Ohio. She was a postdoctoral research associate in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University, from September 1994 to June 1995, where she researched the impact of stereotype threat on academic performance. View the profiles of people named Jennifer Eberhardt. Jennifer Eberhardt on Facebook Jennifer Eberhardt on Twitter Jennifer Eberhardt on LinkedIn. Using an actual database of criminal defendants convicted of a capital crime, Eberhardt has shown that among defendants convicted of murdering a white victim, defendants whose appearance was more stereotypically black (e.g. She has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was named one of Foreign Policy‘s 100 Leading Global Thinkers. Jennifer has 4 jobs listed on their profile. Participants read non-homicide case studies depicting either a Black or White juvenile offender. Dean’s Award for Distinguished Achievements in Teaching at Stanford University, 2006-2007 and 2010-2011. Crime-primed officers who viewed a Black suspect misremembered the suspect with someone who had more stereotypical Black features; but crime primed officers who saw a White suspect were less likely to identify a less stereotypical White suspect and more likely to associate it with a more stereotypical Black face. This can be an area for future research. View Jennifer Eberhardt’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. [1] She is married to Ralph Richard Banks, a law professor at Stanford University. Junior Faculty Professional Development Award at the Research Institute of Comparative Studies in. [23] This was because white offenders’ behaviour was more likely to be attributed to youthful indiscretion while Black offenders were more likely to be perceived as having the maturity and criminal intentions of adults. [32] As a result, such teachers' interactions with students through frequent labelling can potentially produce a never-ending cycle of increased punishment and misbehaviors. The recommendations create a model that spans four categories: data analysis, policies and practices, training, and community engagement. They were then informed of strict criminal laws abiding in the state of California, followed by a petition form to sign to amend the laws and make them less harsh. Awarded for active contributions and efforts in researching prejudice and discrimination faced by Black students in academic settings. Findings in the research suggest pervasive negative stereotypes may give rise to mistrustful relationships between racially stigmatized students and teachers. She then attended Harvard University where she received her A.M in 1990 and Ph.D 1993. Jennifer L. Eberhardt is a social psychologist investigating the subtle, complex, largely unconscious yet deeply ingrained ways that individuals racially code and categorize people, with a particular focus on associations between race and crime. sxswedu.com — Jennifer Eberhardt is a social psychologist at Stanford University and a leading authority on unconscious bias. [2] She has also contributed to research on unconscious bias, including demonstrating how racial imagery and judgment affect culture and society within the domain of social justice. In September 1998, she accepted a teaching position at Stanford University in the Department of Psychology as an assistant professor. BONUS EPISODE with Jennifer Eberhardt (social psychologist who is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University) is the first in a monthly series on dissecting the Black experience in America. [33] Due to such issue, a discipline gap is produced, which results in Black students having less opportunity to learn. [13][14] There was 1.5 times more activation in the right hemisphere of the brain, specifically the fusiform face areas (FFAs), when looking at same-race faces. [13][14] Another finding was that memory recognition was greater for recognizing same-race faces in European-Americans which showed higher activation in the left fusiform cortex and the right hippocampal and parahippocampal regions. [11] The study’s findings revealed that those who believed racial differences arise due to biological differences differed from those who looked at race as a social construct. But as much as she tried to reciprocate their attention, she had trouble telling them apart. As of 2017, Eberhardt and her team have since given bias training to ninety percent of the Oakland Police Department’s officers. Jennifer Eberhardt Book for an event. In on-going research, Eberhardt is investigating whether the African American-ape association is one example of a more generalized belief that African Americans are not as evolved as other people. [17] The researchers made fifty recommendations for critical changes within the Oakland Police Department, many of which have been implemented as of the report’s 2017 release. Here, she conducted research on stereotyping and inter-group relations. Unconscious bias can be at work without our realizing it, and even when we genuinely wish to treat all people equally, ingrained stereotypes can affect our visual perception, attention, memory, and behavior. [35], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences of the United States of America, Society for Personality and Social Psychology, "Jennifer L. Eberhardt - Stanford University", "Jennifer Eberhardt on Social Psychological Approaches to Race and Crime", "Oakland Engages Stanford University for Groundbreaking, Independent…", "Book Recommendation: "Biased" By MacArthur Genius Grant Winner Jennifer Eberhardt", "Champions of Psychology: Jennifer Eberhardt", "Cleveland native Jennifer Eberhardt awarded "genius grant, "Racial bias is shockingly rife — and surprisingly fixable", "The fusiform face area plays a greater role in holistic processing for own-race faces than other-race faces", "Intersectional Invisibility: The Distinctive Advantages and Disadvantages of Multiple Subordinate-Group Identities", "Attending to threat: Race-based patterns of selective attention", "The Five I's of Five-O: Racial Ideologies, Institutions, Interests, Identities, and Interactions of Police Violence", "A Vicious Cycle: A Social–Psychological Account of Extreme Racial Disparities in School Discipline", "The Cozzarelli Prize: 2019 Call for Nominations | PNAS", Personal Website of Jennifer L. Eberhardt, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jennifer_Eberhardt&oldid=995987973, Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Find out if Jennifer Eberhardt has any important court records including felonies, misdemeanors, and traffic tickets. [11] In 2008, she published a study that sought to examine how the variations in beliefs regarding the root of racial differences can impact social interactions. Those who were stereotypically Black were sentenced to death 57.5 percent of the time compared to 24.4 percent of the lighter African-Americans, especially if the victims were White. About Jennifer; Press; Books; Academic Publications ; Videos and Presentations; Contact; Contact. The study discovered teachers' responses contributed to racial disparities in discipline in the sense that Black students are more likely to be labeled as "troublemakers" than White students. [11] When people perceive racial differences as biologically determined, they create strict barriers between themselves and racial out-groups. [31], In 2016, Okonofua, Walton, and Eberhardt ran a meta-analysis on past research literature examining how social-psychological factors play a role in the structure of racial disparities in teacher-student relationships. [19], In a related 2008 study, Eberhardt and her colleagues conducted an analysis on printed newspaper articles regarding Caucasian and African-American convicts in line for the death penalty. [17] Eberhardt’s research shows how racial associations can impact the public's perception of Black people and crime and how this can influence how White people would misremember or neglect evidence that isn’t accurate for a Black defendant. [9] This further increased her interest in racial inequality and changed her approach to understanding the world. J ennifer Eberhardt is a MacArthur “genius grant” winner and psychology professor at Stanford University who studies implicit bias. From 1995 to 1998 she taught at Yale University in the Departments of Psychology and African and African American Studies. I was with a friend, so that's why I say arresting us. the severity of the crime, aggregators, mitigators, the defendant's attractiveness, etc.) [34] The meta-analysis also noted an approach that has been implemented in over 7000 schools in the U.S. called the Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports approach (PBIS), the authors argued although the approach aims to improve students’ behavior, the subject of positive teacher-student relationship is neglected. Jennifer Eberhardt’s research into racial bias and its effects on outcomes in criminal justice has real world impact and implications. Join Facebook to connect with Jennifer Eberhardt and others you may know. From 1995 to 1998 she taught at Yale University in the Departments of Psychology and African and African American Studies. [13] African-American and European-American subjects looked at images of unfamiliar African-American and European-American faces while getting fMRI scans. [13][15], Eberhardt’s research demonstrated how the automatic effect of implicit racial stereotypes impacts one’s visual processing. Dr Jennifer Eberhardt is a professor of psychology at Stanford. In May 2005, she was appointed as an associate professor, and at some point she became a full professor. A second author event with Jennifer Eberhardt, author of “Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes … Jennifer L. Eberhardt Professor of Psychology - Stanford University jleberhardt@stanford.edu (Preferred Email) Stanford University - Department of Psychology 450 Serra Mall - Bldg. Court Records. Contrary to her fears, her new classmates were welcoming. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Kanisha’s connections and jobs at similar companies. I was thrilled to snag an advance copy of Biased: Uncovering the … The next study focused solely on officers who were separated into two groups, those who were primed for crime and those who weren’t. LinkedIn is the world's largest business network, helping professionals like Jennifer Eberhardt Lynn discover inside connections to recommended job candidates, industry experts, and business partners. [8] Eberhardt credits her interest in race and inequality on her family’s move from the predominantly African-American working class neighbourhood of Lee-Harvard to the white suburb of Beachwood. Jennifer Eberhardt is a Professor, in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University. Awarded to her 2017 research team for outstanding contribution to their field. Through SPARQ, Eberhardt demonstrates the consequences of racial associations in criminal justice, education and business. Eberhardt's research not only shows that police officers are more likely to identify African American faces than white faces as criminal, she further shows that the race-crime association leads people to attend more closely to crime related imagery. [20] This study was rooted in the notion that African-American males are frequently wrongly accused, misjudged and wrongfully remembered as aggressors. In one experimental study, for example, people who were exposed to black faces were then more quickly able to identify a blurry image as a gun than those who were exposed to white faces or no faces. They ended up with 480 attendees. [4][5][6][7], Eberhardt was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the youngest of five children. More power to you, sister. Jennifer Lynn Eberhardt (born 1965) is an African-American social psychologist who is currently a professor in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University. [26], In 2015, The Oakland Police Department committed to participate in President Barack Obama’s Police Data Initiative. Specifically, Eberhardt has found that even people who profess to be racially unbiased may associate apes and African Americans, with images of one bringing to mind the other. From group one, more than 50 percent of the participants signed the petition, whereas only 28 percent of group two agreed to sign it. The study showed that people and officers specifically focused more on Black faces. 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